The South Asian Indian community is the largest and most integral part of the South Asian Diaspora that inherits a rich heritage of languages, with the most spoken in Punjabi, Tamil, Hindi, Urdu, Guajarati and Bengali. According to the US Census 2010: 87.2% of Indian-American adults in 2010 were foreign-born, the highest percentage among the six largest Asian-American groups; 37.6% of those had been in the U.S. 10 years or less. The current Indian population in the U.S. is over 3.2 million, which in last 15 years grew over 70% - 10 times the national average.
South Asian Indians are the fastest-growing and most affluent ethnic group in the United States. Between 2000 to 2010, the Indian population grew 69%, which is 10 times the national average. They are the second largest Asian group, behind the Chinese and are growing at a far faster pace.
The median annual household income of the Indian-American community is over $100,000, which is almost 60% higher than the national average with the estimated annual buying power exceeding $140 billion. Indians own 50% of all economy lodges and 35% of all hotels in the United States with a combined market value of almost $40 billion.
Indian-Americans continuously outpace every ethnic group socioeconomically to reach the summit of the U.S. Census charts. Indian Americans, along with other Asian Americans, have attained the highest educational levels of all ethnic groups in the U.S. 71% of all Indians have a bachelor's or higher degree (compared to 28% nationally and 44% average for all Asian American groups). Almost 40% of all Indians in the United States have a master’s, doctorate, or other professional degree, which is five times the national average.
A study from the Pew Research Center in June 19, 2014 showed more than 80 percent of Indians were holding college or advanced degrees surpassing the previously Taiwanese average figure of 74.1%. Among Indian-Americans, 72.3% participate in the U.S. work force, of which 57.7% are employed in managerial and professional specialties. As of 2010, 66.3% of Indian Americans are employed in select professional and managerial specialties compared with the national average of 35.9%.
They are the single largest foreign physicians group in the country, accounting for 15% of all foreign medical graduates and nearly 5% of all U.S. physicians. According to the American Association of Physicians of Indian Origin, there are close to 35,000 Indian- American doctors.
Indians fuel America's technology sector. A study from the University of California, Berkeley reported that one-third of the engineers in Silicon Valley are of Indian descent, while 7% of Valley high-tech firms are led by Indian CEOs.
Thomas Friedman, in his recent book, “The World is Flat”, explains this trend as a “brain drain”, whereby the best and brightest elements in India emigrate to the U.S. in order to seek better financial opportunities and higher standards of living.
INDIAN COMMUNITY IN CANADA
According to the National Household Survey in 2011, the Indo-Canadian population in the 10 Canadian Provinces and 3 territories was 1,260,000 growing at about 3.8% per annum, which brings it to an estimated number of 1,410,000 of Indo-Canadians as of today.
According to Canada Immigration Newsletter, approximately 30,000 Indian citizens become new permanent residents of Canada each year. Tens of thousands more come to the country to visit, work, or study.
In 2013 alone, 33,000 Indians were issued permanent resident visas. 14,000 students arrived in the country, and a full 130,000 came to Canada as visitors. Thanks to Canada’s generous family sponsorship laws, many permanent residents are able to sponsor their parents for either permanent residency or extended visitor visas, thus ensuring that families are reunited and communities across the country are strengthened in their continuing growth.
“Our government is proud to announce that Canada continues to attract visitors, students, and business travellers from India,” said Citizenship and Immigration Minister Chris Alexander. “The impressive scale of visitor visas and study permits granted to travellers from India is an indication of the strong ties that exist between our two great nations.”
Canadians of Indian descent can be found in every city and province in the country. The largest populations, however, are concentrated in Ontario and British Columbia. Toronto alone is home to almost 600,000 Indo-Canadians. Indo-Canadians are the third largest non-European immigrant group in the country, after immigrants of Chinese and Filipino descent. It is also one of Canada’s most prominent and well-integrated communities.
Many new arrivals from India speak impeccable English and possess experience in key industries like information technology, science, and medicine. These skills, combined with the Indian community’s strong support network, means that many newcomers are often able to quickly find jobs and settle into their new homes after arriving in Canada.
Indo-Canadians are well represented in all areas of Canadian society. From politics to sports and everywhere in between, Canadians of Indian descent have been integral to shaping the face of Canada in the world.
Some of the many prominent Canadians of South Asian descent include Naheed Nenshi, the mayor of Calgary and Herb Dhaliwal, the first Indo-Canadian cabinet minister. The novelists Shauna Singh Baldwin and Michael Ondaantje claim roots in India and Sri Lanka, respectively. There have also been many successful Indo-Canadian businessmen, such as Deepak Chopra, the president and CEO of Canada Post.
LARGEST INDIAN COMMUNITIES WORLDWIDE
According to the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs, India has the second largest diaspora in the world after overseas Chinese. The overseas Indian community estimated at over 25 million is spread across every major region in the world. There are 10,037,761 Non-resident Indians (NRI) and 11,872,114 Persons of Indian Origin (PIO) living outside India.
The largest Indian communities Worldwide are:
|USA||-||over 3 million|
|Malaysia||-||over 2.5 million|
|UAE||-||over 2.2 million|
|UK||-||over 2.2 million|
|Saudi Arabia||-||over 2 million|
|South Africa||-||over 1.5 million|
|Canada||-||over 1.4 million|
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